Introduction: There are existing international guidelines for long-term follow-up (LTFU) care of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) survivors. However, implementing these guidelines represents a unique challenge in resource-challenged settings.
Methods: This study aimed to evaluate adherence to recommended surveillance in allo-HCT survivors at an academic center in North India and study the incidence of late effects. This single-center, retrospective study analyzed records of allo-HCT recipients from 2016 to 2020. Survivors were screened in our LTFU clinic at day +100 and +365 using cardiometabolic parameters (screening for hypertension, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, 24-hour urine protein, thyroid function), pulmonary function test (PFT), bone mineral density (BMD), and initiation of revaccination.
Results: A total of 40/80 (50%) allo-HCT survivors were alive at a median of 888 days (IQR 515-1,306). The adherence to home-based screening parameters such as blood pressure and blood glucose was highest (
Conclusion: The adherence to recommended surveillance measures for allo-HCT survivors in an academic LTFU clinic at one year was only 75% overall. Cardiometabolic abnormalities were noted in more than half of the survivors. This study emphasizes the need for a structured LTFU clinic in all centers performing HCT.