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Original Article
The 2016 APBMT Activity Survey Report: Trends in haploidentical and cord blood transplantation in the Asia-Pacific region
Minako Iida1, Anthony Dodds2, Mafruha Akter3, Alok Srivastava4, Joon Ho Moon5, Phu Chi Dung6, Marjorie Rose Bravo7, Aya Aya Gyi8, Devinda Jayathilake9, Kaiyan Liu10, Bor-Sheng Ko11, Amir Hamidieh12, Kim Wah Ho13, Aloysius Ho14, Artit Ungkanont15, Tasneem Farzana16, Joycelyn Sim17, Bishesh Poudyal18, Khishigjargal Batshkh19, Shinichiro Okamoto20, Yoshiko Atsuta21, Registry Committee of the Asia-Pacific Blood and Marrow Transplantation Group(APBMT)

1Department of Promotion for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Aichi Medical University School of Medicine, Nagakute, Japan,

2St. Vincentʼs Pathology, St. Vincentʼs Health Network, Sydney, and Australasian Bone Marrow Transplant Recipient Registry(ABMTRR), Sydney, Australia,

3Department of Hematology and BMT, Dhaka Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh,

4Department of Haematology, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore, India,

5Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea,

6Stem Cell Transplantation Department, Blood Transfusion and Hematology Hospital, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam,

7St Lukeʼs Medical Center Quezon City, IM Hematology/Blood and Marrow Transplant, Quezon, Philippines,

8Department of Clinical Haematology, North Okkalapa General Hospital, Yangon, Myanmar,

9Department of Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Maharagama, Sri Lanka,

10Department of Hematology, Peking University Institute of Hematology, Beijing, China,

11Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan,

12Pediatric Cell Therapy Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,

13Department of Hematology, Hospital Ampang, Ampang Selangor, Malaysia,

14Department of Haematology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore,

15Chakri Naruebodindra Medical Institute, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Samut Prakan, Thailand,

16Department of Clinical Haematology, National Institute of Blood Disease and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Karachi, Pakistan,

17Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong,

18Civil Service Hospital, Clinical Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Unit, Kathmandu, Nepal,

19Bone and Marrow transplantation team, Hematology Department, National First Central Hospital of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia,

20Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan,

21Japanese Data Center for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation(JDCHCT), Nagoya, Japan

Keywords
Asia-Pacific region, HSCT, haploidentical, cord blood
Submitted:September 3, 2020
Accepted:November 13, 2020
Published online:January 29, 2021

Abstract

This report describes the results of the Asia-Pacific Blood and Marrow Transplantation Group (APBMT) Activity Survey 2016, focusing on the trends of haploidentical and cord blood (CB) transplants in the Asia-Pacific region. Mongolia and Nepal submitted their first activity data in this survey, and the number of countries/regions participating in the activity survey grew to 20. The annual number of transplants exceeded 20,000 for the first time in 2016, and the total number of centers increased to 686. About 87.9% of all hematopoietic stem cell transplantations (HSCTs) were performed in China, Japan, Korea, India, and Australia with China performing the highest number. Beginning with the 2016 survey, APBMT modified the survey forms and initiated the collection of the exact number of haploidentical transplants. The total number of such transplants was 3,871, and 66.0% of those were performed in China. Meanwhile, cord blood transplants in this region remained high (1,612), and 81.8% of them (1,319) were performed in Japan. The number of facilities and transplants, the ratio of haploidentical transplants to related transplants, the ratio of CB transplants to unrelated transplants, and proportions of haploidentical and CB transplants per capita significantly differed among countries/regions in the Asia-Pacific region. Data collection and analysis revealed the transition and diversity of transplants in this region. This report also shows a dramatic increase in haploidentical transplants as seen in other parts of the world, while revealing uniquely that the activity of cord blood transplant remains high in this region.

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Online ISSN:2432-7026